Map Grenada
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Grenada


Background: Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Area land: 344 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 121 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Grenada
Country name former: none
Population: 108,419 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 14,152/female 13,390); 15-64 years: 65.7% (male 36,245/female 34,960); 65 years and over: 8.9% (male 4,372/female 5,300) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.551% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.01 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.94 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.098 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female; total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.43 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 10.54 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 12.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.04 years; male: 70.51 years; female: 75.82 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.18 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Grenadian(s); adjective: Grenadian;
Ethnic groups: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian;
Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%;
Languages: English (official), French patois;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 96%; male: NA; female: NA (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.127 billion (2010 est.); $1.118 billion (2009 est.); $1.211 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $645 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 0.8% (2010 est.); -7.7% (2009 est.); 2.2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $10,500 (2010 est.); $10,400 (2009 est.); $11,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5.4%; industry: 18%; services: 76.6% (2003);
Population below poverty line: 32% (2000);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 42,300 (1996);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 24%; industry: 14%; services: 62% (1999 est.);
Unemployment rate: 12.5% (2000);
Budget: revenues: $175.3 million; expenditures: $215.9 million (2009 est.);
Industries: food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction;
Industrial production growth rate: 
Electricity - production: 178.7 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 155.7 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Grenada in the News

The Caribbean: Banana Producers at Risk

Ripples from the furious battle for control of the United Kingdom’s fourth-largest food retailer, Safeway, have washed hard against the shores of the eastern Caribbean. Robert Taylor reviews the Carribbean press.