Map Honduras
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Honduras


Background: Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Area land: 111,890 sq km
Area water: 200 sq km
Coastline: 820 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
Country name conventional short form: Honduras
Country name former: Republic of Honduras
Population: 8,143,564
Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.7% (male 1,528,271/female 1,464,428); 15-64 years: 59.5% (male 2,431,607/female 2,412,951); 65 years and over: 3.8% (male 136,035/female 170,272) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.888% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 25.14 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.02 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 20.44 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 23.14 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 17.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.61 years; male: 68.93 years; female: 72.37 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.09 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.8% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 39,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Honduran(s); adjective: Honduran;
Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%;
Languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 80%; male: 79.8%; female: 80.2% (2001 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $33.77 billion (2010 est.); $32.94 billion (2009 est.); $33.65 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $15.34 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.5% (2010 est.); -2.1% (2009 est.); 4.2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $4,200 (2010 est.); $4,200 (2009 est.); $4,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 12.4%; industry: 26.9%; services: 60.8% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 65% (2010);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.7%; highest 10%: 42.2% (2006);
Labor force: 3.394 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 39.2%; industry: 20.9%; services: 39.8% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 5.1% (2010 est.); 3.2% (2009 est.);
note: about 36% are unemployed or underemployed

Budget: revenues: $2.923 billion; expenditures: $3.651 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: sugar, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars;
Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 6.58 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 6.54 billion kWh;
note: approximately 1.5 billion kWh in transmission and distribution losses (2009 est.)

Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 11.8 million kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


Diario Tiempo

(Spanish-language), San Pedro Sula

El Heraldo

(Conservative), Tegucigalpa

La Prensa Honduras

(Conservative), San Pedro Sula

La Tribuna


Honduras in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 6 items.

U.S. Aid for Central America Echoes Past Mistakes

Replicating Plan Colombia's failed approach, a U.S. aid program for Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador combines neoliberal economic reforms with military aid.

Honduras: Stop Blocking Human Rights Inquiries

The international community should back prosecutors’ efforts and oppose amnesties for abuses in Honduras.

The Battle over Honduras

The provisional government in Honduras refused to respond to a 72-hour O.A.S. deadline to restore Zelaya as president, fueling a mounting tension with what is now an international opposition. Worldpress.org reviews reactions from around the globe.

Honduras Coup D'Ă©tat

The coup in Honduras that removed President Zelaya poses a threat to Latin America as a whole, a region that does not want to return to an era of military dictatorship.