Map Andorra
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Andorra


Background: For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Seu d'Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. For decades Andorra enjoyed its status as a small refuge of fiscal and banking freedom and benefitted from Spanish and French tourists attracted to the country's duty-free shopping. The situation has changed in recent years as Andorra started to tax foreign investment and other sectors. Tourism accounts for over 80% of Andorra's gross domestic product.
Location: Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Area land: 468 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
Country name conventional short form: Andorra
Country name former: Principality of Andorra
Population: 84,825 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.6% (male 6,799/female 6,440); 15-64 years: 71.4% (male 31,545/female 29,037); 65 years and over: 13% (male 5,502/female 5,502) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.33% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.66 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.066 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female; total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 3.76 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 3.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.43 years; male: 80.35 years; female: 84.64 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.35 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Andorran(s); adjective: Andorran;
Ethnic groups: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998);
Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant);
Languages: Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese;
Literacy: definition: NA; total population: 100%; male: 100%; female: 100%;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.3 billion (2009est.); $4.22 billion (2008est.); $3.66 billion (2007est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $NA;
GDP - real growth rate: 3.8% (2009 est.); 2.6% (2008 est.); 2% (2007est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $46,700 (2008est.); $44,900 (2008 est.); $42,500 (2007est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%; industry: NA%; services: NA%;
Population below poverty line: NA (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 38,220 (2010);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.5%; industry: 18.5%; services: 81% (2008);
Unemployment rate: 2.9% (2009); 2.7% (2008);
Budget: revenues: $872 million; expenditures: $868.4 million (2009);
Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 101 million kWh (2009);
Electricity - consumption: 598.7 million kWh (2009);
Electricity - exports: 9 million kWh (2009);
Electricity - imports: 497.7 million kWh;

note: most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower (2009)

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


Diari Bondia

Diari d'Andorra

Andorra la Vella

El Periodico

Andorra la Vella

Andorra in the News

Discovering Andorra

Millions of visitors a year flock to Andorra to ski, hike, and shop for duty-free luxury goods.