Article 37 of Additional
Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions:
1. It is prohibited to kill, injure or capture an adversary by resort to perfidy.
Acts inviting the confidence of an adversary to lead him to believe that he is
entitled to, or is obliged to accord, protection under the rules of international
law applicable in armed conflict, with intent to betray that confidence, shall
constitute perfidy. The following acts are examples of perfidy:
(a) the feigning of an intent to negotiate under a flag of truce or of a surrender;
(b) the feigning of an incapacitation by wounds or sickness;
(c) the feigning of civilian, non-combatant status, and
(d) the feigning of protected status by the use of signs, emblems or uniforms
of the United Nations or of neutral or other States not Parties to the conflict.
2. Ruses of war are not prohibited. Such ruses are acts which are intended to
mislead an adversary or to induce him to act recklessly but which infringe no
rule of international law applicable in armed conflict and which are not perfidious
because they do not invite the confidence of an adversary with respect to protection
under that law. The following are examples of such ruses: the use of camouflage,
decoys, mock operations and misinformation.