Taliban Timeline: 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000
April Mujahideen drive Soviet forces out of Afghanistan.
Fighting between tribal factions leaves 10,000 civilians dead.
January Factional fighting destroys most of Kabul.
February U.N. appoints Special Mission to Afghanistan.
October Pakistani PM Benazir Bhutto meets Afghan warlords in Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan.
Nov. 5 Taliban seize Kandahar.
Nov. 25 Taliban seize Lashkargarh and Helmand in southern Afghanistan.
January 3,000 Pakistanis cross border at Peshawar, Pakistan to join Taliban.
Feb. 11 Taliban control nine of 30 provinces.
Feb. 18 Taliban present their conditions for joining interim government of Afghanistan. Conditions include that the interim government should be a neutral force made up of Taliban, that only good Muslims should participate, and that all 30 provinces must be represented.
March 7 Taliban move into southern Kabul.
April 4 Taliban capture part of Shindana air base near Herat.
April 29 Government forces push Taliban back 80 miles from Shindand.
July Saudi deputy intelligence chief visits Afghanistan on peace mission and meets with Taliban.
September Taliban seize Shindand and Herat. Pakistani embassy in Kabul sacked. Iran warns Taliban not to cross its border.
October Taliban move 400 tanks from Kandahar to Kabul.
Nov. 11 Taliban launch rockets on Kabul.
Nov. 26 Intense bombing blitz by Taliban on Kabul. Taliban are pushed back by government forces.
March 3 Burhanuddin Rabbani, then president of Afghanistan, visits Iran, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
March 20 Shura [meeting] of Taliban leaders.
April 4 Shura ends, jihad against Rabbani declared.
April 19 U.S. diplomats meet Afghan leaders in Kabul and Kandahar.
June Taliban mount bombing campaign on Kabul.
July U.N. appoints Norbert Hull as envoy to Afghanistan.
September Taliban seize Jalalabad, Sarobi, Asadabad, and Kabul, effectively taking control of Afghanistan. Iran, Russia, India, and central Asian states condemn takeover.
Oct. 10 Warlord leaders Dostum, Massoud, and Khalil meet and form “Supreme Council for the Defence of the Motherland.”
Oct. 18 Massoud takes Bagram.
Oct. 24 “We will fight to the death and give our last drop of blood for Kabul,” declares Mullah Omar.
Oct. 31 Troops from Iran belonging to Ismael Khan land in Maimana to resist Taliban in the West.
January Taliban regain control of Bagram.
February Taliban delegation visits United States.
March Assassination attempt on Governor of Herat.
May 19 Warlord, Gen. Malik Pahlawan, joins Taliban.
May 20 Malik takes Baghidis, Faryab, Sar-e-Pul.
May 24 Taliban enter Mazar-i-Sharif. Sharia imposed. Girls school closed.
May 26 Pakistan announce recognition of Taliban government. Talks between Malik and Taliban end without agreement.
May 28 Taliban lose Mazar-i-Sharif. Hundreds of Taliban dead. Thousands reported captured.
June 2 Taliban close Iranian Embassy in Kabul. Thousands of Pakistanis join Taliban.
June 12 Rabbani and Malik meet: form United Islamic and National Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan.
July 19 Massoud seizes Bagram and Charikar. Taliban leave behind heavy weapons.
July 21 Malik in Iran for negotiations.
July 28 Lakhdar Brahimi appointed by U.N. to prepare report on situation in Afghanistan.
Aug. 7 CARE, an non-governmental organization (NGO), suspends women's programs in Kabul. ICRC, another NGO, report almost 7,000 wounded since May.
Aug. 12 Opposition meets in Mazar-i-Sharif. Reappoints Rabbani as president.
Aug. 19 Taliban issue warning to press: "Report fairly or be thrown out."
Sept. 4 King Fahd says Saudi Arabia will assist Taliban in health and education. Iran, Russia, and France accused by Taliban of helping opposition.
Sept. 8 Taliban forces recapture airport at Mazar-i-Sharif.
Sept. 9 Malik's home in Mazar-i-Sharif is burnt down. He leaves the city. Extensive looting in Mazar-i-Sharif. U.N. agencies withdraw from city. Taliban forced to retreat from airport.
Sept. 12 Gen. Dostum in Mazar-i-Sharif after return from Turkey. 70 Hazara villagers killed by Taliban in Qazil Abad. Order and peace restored in Mazar-i-Sharif. Taliban retreat under pressure from Dostum's forces.
Sept. 18 More fighting in Mazar-i-Sharif. Taliban claim to have full financial and political backing of King Fahd of Saudi Arabia.
Sept. 28 European Commission delegate Emma Bonino arrested by Taliban along with 19 other delegates—held for three hours.
Sept. 30 Taliban expel three U.N. workers.
Oct. 1 After visiting 13 countries, Brahimi completes mission.
Oct. 8 Taliban pushed back to Kunduz by Dostum. Transit trade agreement with Pakistan rejected.
Oct. 21 Dostum takes Shebarghan. Malik flees to Iran.
Nov. 16 The discovery by Dostum of 2,000 dead Taliban in mass graves near Shebarghan leads to prisoner exchange after Dostum offers to return the bodies to the Taliban.
Nov. 18 U.S. Sec. of State, Madeline Albright, visiting Pakistan, criticizes Taliban for their human rights abuses.
Dec. 17 U.N. Security Council denounces foreign interference in Afghanistan and criticizes arms supplies to various factions. U.N. hopes for cease-fire.
Jan. 6 Iran, Pakistan, and Tajikistan courted by President Rabbani for participation in U.N. regional conference on future of Afghanistan. Bamiyan remains under fire from Taliban. Food running out in Bamiyan.
Jan. 7 Appeal by U.N. General Secretary, Kofi Annan, to allow food into Bamiyan.
Jan. 13 80 Taliban soldiers killed when plane crashes near Quetta, Pakistan. Taliban and villagers resisting Taliban overtures engage in shootout near Kandahar.
Feb. 4 Four thousand die in earthquake in northeast Afghanistan. Aid agencies fettered by snow.
Feb. 20 Another earthquake.
March 14 Afghan women honored worldwide during International Women's Day.
March 22 Mediation efforts between Taliban and opposition. Brahimi returns.
April 1 Taliban announce negotiating team for Ulema Commission.
April 17 U.S. envoy, Bill Richardson, in Kabul and Mazar-i-Sharif.
April 26 Ulema Commission, under U.N. observation, meets in Islamabad, Pakistan.
May 4 Ulema collapses.
May 17 Taliban jets attack Taloquan. 31 people killed, 100 injured. Fighting intensifies around Kabul and in the north of the country.
May 30 Another earthquake in northeast: 5,000 dead.
June 18 Prince Turki al-Faisal, Saudi intelligence chief, visits Kandahar.
June 30 NGOs refuse Taliban demands to move to destroyed university building.
July 3 Central Asian summit calls for end to war in Afghanistan.
July 9 Rockets fired at U.N. plane in Kabul. Mullah Omar issues edicts banning TV. All Christians face deportation. Former communists face punishment. Former communist Afghan Defense Minister murdered in Quetta.
July 12 Maimana captured by Taliban. 800 Uzbek prisoners taken. 100 tanks taken.
July 18 EU suspends all humanitarian aid to Kabul in response to restrictions imposed by the Taliban.
July 31 Recruitment drive by Taliban leaders at madrassa in Pakistan results in 5,000 Pakistanis going to fight in Afghanistan.
Aug. 1 Taliban capture Shebargham.
Aug. 7 U.S. embassies bombed in Kenya and Tanzania. Osama bin Laden is prime suspect.
Aug. 8 Taliban seize Mazar-i-Sharif: eleven Iranian diplomates killed; journalist killed; thousands of Hazaras killed. [Hazaras are an etnhic group that comprise approx. 9 percent of Afghanistan's population]
Aug. 10 Taliban capture Taloquan.
Aug. 18 Allegation by Aytollah Khomeini of plot against Iran by Taliban. Tensions high between Taliban and Iran. Taliban announce they will protect Osama bin Laden.
Aug. 20 Attack by U.S. fighter planes. 75 cruise missiles launched at alleged training camps of Osama bin Laden. Twenty-one dead, 30 injured.
Aug. 21 Foreigners evacuate Afghanistan.
Aug. 26 Indictment by New York Grand Jury against Osama Bin Laden for involvement in embassy bombings.
Sept. 1 Iran sends 70,000 troops to border with Afghanistan to carry out war games.
Sept. 6 Tensions escalate between Iran and Taliban: Iran declares it must protect its citizens. Restraint urged by United States. Taliban look for recognition by U.N..
Sept. 13 Taliban take Bamiyan.
Sept. 20 Forces loyal to Gen. Massoud rocket Kabul. Dozens killed and over 200 injured.
Sept. 22 Taliban envoy expelled from Saudi Arabia over refusal to hand over Bin Laden.
Sept. 27 Taliban send 30,000 troops to border with Iran.
Oct. 2 Iran violates Herat airspace. War games involving 200,000 Iranian troops begin.
Oct. 14 Brahami and Omar engage in talks. First ever meeting for Omar with foreign diplomat. All Iranian prisoners to be freed.
Oct. 23 Gen. Massoud and troops enter Kunduz province.
Oct. 25 Gen. Massoud seizes Imam Saheb (on Tajikistan border).
Nov. 7 Taliban accused of slaughtering 4,000 people in Mazar-i-Sharif. Calls for broad-based government.
Nov. 13 Mohammed Akbari, leader of Hizb-e-Wahadat, surrenders to Taliban.
Dec. 1 University students shot in Jalalabad. Four dead.
Dec. 9 Strict resolution on Afghanistan passed by U.N. General Assembly.
Dec. 29 "Education in Afghanistan has collapsed:" UNICEF.
Jan. 10 Taliban say military solution only answer and reject newly-formed Peace and National Unity Party. Gen. Massoud continues offensive in north.
Jan. 12 Family of Abdul Haq killed. Abdul Haq, a renowned mujahideen fighter, later becomes a charismatic leader of Northern Allinace before being assassinated by Taliban in early September 2001.
Jan. 19 In a warning to highway robbers, the limbs of six such robbers caught by the Taliban are hung from trees.
Jan. 21 U.N. appeals for cease-fire.
Jan. 31 China sends delegation to Kabul.
Feb. 2 Then U.S. Deputy of State, Strobe Talbot, meets Taliban in Islamabad, Pakistan, and hands over letter requesting extradition of Osama bin Laden.
Feb. 9 Taliban dismiss letter, but say they will curb Bin Laden.
Feb. 13 Taliban say whereabouts of Bin Laden unknown. Gen. Massoud in Iran for talks.
Feb. 28 Anti-Taliban Alliance plans to form 150-man government.
March 3 Turkmen Foreign Minister, Sheikh Muradov, meets Omar in Kandahar. First meeting between the two.
March 11 Talks begin between opposition and Taliban, under U.N. auspices.
March 14 At talks, both sides agree to release some prisoners.
March 24 U.N. representative, Brahimi, meets Omar in Kandahar.
March 30 New round of talks between Taliban and opposition. Strong criticism from both sides.
April 10 Omar rules out further talks.
April 15 Human rights abuses in Aghanistan criticized by then U.S. president, Bill Clinton.
April 21 Bamiyan overcome by Hizb-e-Wahadat. Dozens killed.
April 28 Taliban bombs Bamiyan; 30 civilians killed.
April 29 Pipeline agreement between Taliban, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan revived. Pipeline would run through Afghanistan. Parties involved hope to find a sponsor for the project.
May 5 Joint statement by Iran and Uzbekistan to challenge any takeover of Afghanistan by Taliban.
May 9 Taliban recapture Bamiyan.
May 12 Taliban sign agreement to buy energy from Turkmenistan.
May 14 United States issues first warning to Pakistan not to assist Taliban, United States says it favors the return of ex-King Zahir Shah.
May 22 Taliban crush rebellion in Herat. Taliban accuse Iran of arming rebels.
June 2 Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan meets with Taliban leadership for first time. Taliban insist they will only attend "Six-plus-Two" meeting of Central Asian states if they are recognized as the official government of Afghanistan.
June 8 United States Places Osama Bin Laden on the top of the FBI list of most-wanted fugitives.
July 6 United States imposes economic sanctions on Taliban regime. Taliban begins offensive against Massoud. Thousands of Pakistani and Arab recruits join Taliban forces.
July 19 "Six-plus-Two" talks begin in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Few substantial results.
July 27 Northern Alliance rockets Kabul Airport. U.N. aid planes stop flying to Kabul.
August Heavy fighting in the north of Afghanistan. Massoud's forces retreat before Taliban offensive. 4,000 dead in fighting. 200,000 refugees leave Shomali Valley.
Sept. 10 UNDCP says Afghanistan's opium production has doubled since September, 1998. 97 percent of cultivation under Taliban control.
Sept. 20 Russia says Afghans, Pakistanis, and Arabs based in Afghanistan are fighting in Chechnya and Dagestan.
Oct. 12 Military coup in Pakistan overthrows the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Feb. 6 Afghan civilians hijack international flight from Kabul and fly to London. Standoff ends peacefully after four days. Talks between Northern Alliance and Taliban collapse.
March 27 Ismail Khan escapes from Taliban jail in Kandahar and arrives in Iran. Severe drought hits Afghanistan. Taliban appeals for international aid.
July 1 Taliban launch summer attack North of Kabul, repulsed. Heavy fighting throughout summer.
July 10 Bomb blasts in Pakistan's embassy in Kabul.
Sept. 5 After month-long siege, Taliban capture Taloquan in Takhar province from Massoud. 150,000 refugees flee to Tajikistan. Central Asia and Russia condemn Taliban advances.

Sources: Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism
in Central Asia
(Yale University Press, 2001); Goldman & Sachs Consultants;
U.S. Department of State; UNDP; UNHCR; UNICEF; Interfax News Agency (government-owned), Moscow.