What's at Stake for Whom

At a Glance:

Map of Uzbekistan
CIA map

Uzbekistan is the eighth-largest producer of natural gas in the world, but lacks the ability to export most of it. Uzbekistan currently serves as a crucial link in the gas transport chain linking Turkmenistan's enormous gas deposits with Russia.

Uzbekistan is party to the Central Asia Oil Pipeline agreement with Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. If completed, the pipeline would transport oil from Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian states via Afghanistan to Gwadar on Pakistan's Arabian Sea coast. Uzbekistan is also party to the parallel Central Asia Gas Pipeline project, which would bring gas from Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to Pakistan and India, via Afghanistan. Likewise, Uzbekistan could contribute to a proposed pipeline linking Kazakhstan and China, and has actively been seeking to participate in the project.

Population: 25,155,064 (July 2001 est.)
Exports: Cotton, gold, natural gas, mineral fertilizers
Exports: $2.9 billion
Exports—Partners: Russia 13 percent, Switzerland 10 percent, UK 10 percent
Natural Gas Production: 1935.26 billion cubic feet
Dry Exports: 526.19 billion cubic feet
Oil Production: 116,000 barrels per day
Oil Exports: 29,650 barrels per day

Sources: U.S. Dept. of Energy, CIA World Factbook, Center for Strategic Studies, East-West Institute