On Sunday, Oct. 7, 2001, Nairobi's The Daily Nation (independent)
ran a column by Magesha Ngwiri. "Apparently," he wrote, "The
United States is not going to pulverise Afghanistan any time soon."
Ngwiri could not have known that as his column appeared on Nairobi's newsstands,
U.S. warplanes were closing in on Afghanistan. What he, and indeed, what
nobody knew, is that the U.S.-led offensive would drive the Taliban out
of two-thirds of Afghanistan in a few short weeks.
African commentators originally reacted to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks
on the United States with horror and condemnation. In the initial aftermath,
many seemed increasingly worried by Washington's bellicose rhetoric, and
urged a considered, moderate response to the attacks. Many also blamed
the United States for "bringing the attack on itself."
As the weeks wore on, and the anticipated U.S. strikes against Afghanistan
did not happen, most African newspaperswith the notable exception
of South Africa'sdropped the story in favor of pressing local issues.
Mohammed Haruna, a columnist for Abuja, Nigeria's The Daily Trust,
led the retreat with an Oct. 3 column titled "Season
of Hyperbole." "For the citizens of much of Africa, Asia,
the Middle East and Latin America," Haruna argued, "Sept. 11
represented pretty little change in their lives: [They remain] nasty,
brutish and shortthanks in no small measure to... the U.S. government's
record of commitment and support to military and economic terrorism, insurgency,
military dictatorship, religious bigotry, and unimaginable genocide."
The air strikes against Afghanistan revived the issue in the African press.
Johannesburg's liberal Mail and Guardianwhich had argued
that the United States should "revolutionize its relations with much
of the world" in the immediate aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist
attacksfocused on the "Rage
[and] protests from Kabul to Indonesia" in its top headline for
Oct. 8. Meanwhile, Tanzania's The Express scoffed at attempts by
U.S. President George Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair to insist
that this was not a war against the Muslim world. ("Not
a War Against Muslims? Empty Words!").
Over the following weeks, most African papers that continued to cover
the war in Afghanistan were critical of the U.S. strikes. Weekly protests
against the war dominated headlines in Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa,
But as the cliché goes, "Nothing succeeds like success."
Following the overnight rout of the Taliban in mid-November, even the
most vociferous critics of the U.S. campaignJohannesburg's Daily
Mail and Guardian perhaps first among themsoon began taking
a more positive view of the war. By Nov. 21, The Daily Mail and Guardian
was celebrating the "liberation" of Afghan women. The advent
of Ramadan on Nov. 18 did not revive the anti-U.S. demonstrations seen
in African capitals during the early weeks of the U.S.-led bombing campaign.
As the war in Afghanistan concludes, the African press is increasingly
looking to what may happen next, as the emphasis on the next front in
the war on terrorism focuses alternately on Iraq and Somalia.
Others see the problem with Somalia as one rooted in economic disparity.
An editorial in independent Kenyan newspaper The
Nation (Dec. 16) pointed out that Somalia, like Afghnaistan, is
a failed state and poverty is a fodder for terrorism. It goes
on to say that [t]he real concern here is that the gap between the
rich and poor has...widened and we must close it. Otherwise, no one is
Comet (Dec. 13) says that Africa will be the ultimate loser in
the war on terrorism: What would have come to Africa in terms of
technical and economic assistance would now be directed to rebuild Afghanistan.
Report: Allied Forces Strike Back | The Independent Online
(conservative), Capetown, South Africa, Feb. 15, 2002.
Bodies as Fronts for Terror | The Nation (independent),
Nairobi, Kenya, Dec. 16, 2001 (via allAfrica.com).
and the War in Afghanistan | Jide Osuntokun, The Comet (independent),
Lagos, Nigeria, Dec. 13, 2001.
More reaction from the African press...
Latin America and Canada
The Canadian press has given the U.S. and British air strikes against
Afghanistan its full support. Even the editorial page of The Toronto
Star (liberal), which is normally critical of U.S. policy, has lined-up
in support of the U.S. position. In an Oct. 8 editorial, The Toronto
Star hailed the Bush administration for delivering food aid to Afghans
while striking at the Taliban. And though the details of a proposed Canadian
anti-terrorism bill proved immensely unpopular whento Canadian Prime
Minister Jean Chrétien's chagrinthey were leaked to the press,
concern over civil liberties has not yet shaken the Canadian press' support
for the war against terrorism. On Oct. 20, as Chrétien met with
Asian leaders for the Asian Pacific (APEC) summit in Shanghai, The
Toronto Star urged the participating leaders to "show global
solidarity" and to "discard the pre-cooked communiqués
drafted by their bureaucrats."
Latin American newspapers have greeted news of the war in Afghanistan
with grim resignation. Early in the conflict, Mexico City's centrist Excélsior,
though it lent its support to the war on terrorism, hoped that the
next news would not be of more civilian deaths. Buenos Aires' conservative
La Nación wrote that this war is completely different from
those of the 20th Century and must not be allowed to turn into a "clash
of civilizations." Likewise, Bolivia's conservative La Razón,
in an Oct.
8 editorial, expressed worries that the conflict might still be perceived
as a religious war.
Even Latin America's leftist press tempered its usual criticism of U.S.
policy immediately following the attacks. Buenos Aires' Página
12, normally an acid critic of U.S. policy, on Oct. 8 could only fault
the United States for its avowed efforts to contact more "unsavory
characters" in the covert battle against terrorism. A few weeks later,
12 was suggesting that the U.S. campaign was motivated by designs
on Central Asia's petrochemical reserves.
Report: War on Terrorism | The Globe and Mail (centrist),
Toronto, Canada, Feb. 15, 2002.
Say they Have No Contact with Bin Laden | El Comercio (financial),
Lima, Peru, Nov. 21, 2001.
the Battle is Between Afghans and Arabs | Luke Harding, Página
12 (left-wing), Buenos Aires, Argentina, Nov. 21, 2001.
Million for Bin Laden | El Universal (centrist), Caracas,
Venezuela, Nov. 21, 2001.
reaction from the Latin American and Canadian press...
The war against terrorism has dispersed since the U.S.-led assault on
Al-Qaeda and the Taliban dropped from the front pages of world headlines.
East Asia is among the places it has spread to. "The island of the
Basilan in the Philippines has become the so-called 'second front' against
terrorism," writes Inter Press Service's Walden Bello in the Philippine
online daily Cyberdyaryo (April 11), questioning the involvement
of almost 500 U.S. troops who are working with 6,000 Filipino troops in
their search for 60-80 Abu Sayyaf bandits holding three hostages, including
two Americans. According to WPR's correspondent in Manila, the
deployment of U.S. troops to the island has stirred controversy
in the Philippine press.
While Washington cites Abu Sayyaf ties to Al-Qaeda as the justification
for U.S. involvement, officials from the Philippine government and intelligence
agencies have admitted to Philippine journalists that they have no evidence
linking Abu Sayyaf to Al-Qaeda. Indeed, Bello suspected that the failure
to "quell a mere handful of bandits indicated that the problem is
political in character, not military, [and that] the bandits seem to enjoy
support in high places."
According to Bello, an international peace mission of parliamentarians,
academics, and civil society activists from nine countries exploring what
"added value" the U.S. presence brought to the fight against
Abu Sayyaf found that the presence of U.S. troops had produced few results.
The mission instead expressed their suspicions that "chasing Abu
Sayyaf merely provides an excuse for a 'strategic intent,' which is to
establish a military presence in the Southern Philippines for a long-term
U.S. war against insurgents... with all the destabilizing consequences
for the whole region of such an endless war." But Mello also notes
that in the predominantly Christian island of Basilan, there is strong
support for U.S. military presence.
But the presence of U.S. troops in the Philippines is getting less coverage
even in the Philippine press with each week. Outside the Philippines,
the focus has shifted entirely to the Middle East. Bangladesh's Daily
Star (April 18) published an outspoken editorial attacking the leadership
of U.S. president George Bush in his handling of the war of attrition
between the State of Israel and the Palestinian people. "Instead
of helping to shape a fair and just world order, the Bush administration
is openly supporting the idea of an unfair and unjust world order where
the weak are killed and the strong can be bullies without any fear of
justice of any type," opined Habibul Islam. He also disputed reports
citing Bangladesh as a haven for terrorists, saying they were politically
motivated. Although the opposition Awami League is behind many of these
charges, it is no secret that the Jamaat-e-Islami fundamentalist group
has formed an alliance with the ruling Bangladeshi National Party.
The conflict in the Middle East dominated headlines throughout Asia, and,
indeed, the world, throughout the first weeks of April, as Israel's assault
on the West Bank sparked alarming reports of devestation, particularly
in Ramallah, Bethlehem, and the Jenin refugee camp. Newspapers across
the region had little sympathy for Israel or for the Bush administration's
support for the small nuclear power in its battle with suicide bombers,
guerrillas, and children.
The overnight collapse of Taliban rule in approximately two-thirds of
Afghanistan has quelled tensions in the Pakistani press somewhat. By Nov.
21, the combined effect of military successes in Afghanistan and U.S.
Secretary of State Colin Powell's speech outlining a new U.S. Middle East
peace initiative had succeeded in rallying support for the United States
in the editorial pages of Pakistan's mass-circulation Dawn. In
an editorial titled "Powell's
Plain Talk," Dawn's editors banished any doubts outside
observers may have had about the connection between the conflict in the
Middle East and popular opinion among the United States' predominantly-Muslim
allies. "One wishes American leaders were always as candid with Israel
as Colin Powell was on Monday when he asked Tel Aviv to pull out of the
West Bank and Gaza Strip and accept a viable Palestinian state,"
Dawn's editors wrote.
But before U.S. policy makers congratulate themselves too hardily on their
successes in the propaganda war, they would do well to consider the
jaundiced view The News, a left-wing newspaper in the predominantly-Pashtun
Pakistani city of Peshawar, took of U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Wendy
Chamberlain's Ramadan fast.
And a week after Kabul fell to the Northern Alliance, Indian independent
newsmagazine Outlook eschewed stories of Afghan women tearing off
their burqas in favor of an
analysis of U.S. energy interests in Afghanistan, though it allowed
that "oil and gas are not the reason the US has attacked Afghanistan."
Meanwhile, East Asian newspapers were preoccupied with their own countries'
battles with radical Islamism. In the Philippines quiet U.S. military
and intelligence assistance has led to a series of significant victories
against the vicious Abu Sayyaf rebel movement. During a productive visit
to the United States, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo earned
promises of increased development aid. She returned home to news of open
rebellion in the predominantly-Muslim Philippine island Jolo, which has
been at peace for five years.
And though "the waves of anti-American mass demonstrations seem to
have decreased significantly" in Indonesia, warned Azyumardi Azra,
Rector of the State Islamic Studies Institute in the independent Jakarta
Post, "This does not mean that 'political Islam' will also diminish."
on a Rampage | The Frontier Post (left-wing), Peshawar,
Pakistan, Jan. 12, 2002.
Fighting Terrorism | The Kathmandu Post (independent),
Kathmandu, Nepal, Nov. 29, 2001.
Term 'Fundamentalism' Is Misused" | Outlook India (independent
newsmagazine), New Delhi, India, Nov. 29, 2001.
Misuari's New War | The Philippine Inquirer (independent),
Manila, Philippines, Nov. 21, 2001.
Politics: Oil, Gas and the U.S. Interest in Afghanistan | Richard
Tanter, Outlook India (independent newsmagazine), New Delhi, Nov.
Fasting Wendy | The News (left-wing), Peshawar, Pakistan,
Nov. 21, 2001.
Powell's Plain Talk | Dawn (centrist), Lahore, Pakistan,
Nov. 21, 2001.
Islam's Threat to Megawati | Azyumardi Azra, The Jakarta Post
(independent), Jakarta, Indonesia, Nov. 21, 2001.
More reaction from the Asian press...
From the outset it was expected that the war in Afghanistan would be long
and uncertain. Activity over the past couple of months seems to confirm
that the apparent rout of Al-Queda forces at the end of 2001 was not as
definitive as it may have seemed. A leading editorial in Londons
liberal Guardian (April 10) reports that the war [in Afghanistan]
goes on and is intensifying...it is clear that many, if not most [Al-Queda
fighters] survived the U.S. onslaught and are plotting an
insidious return to the fray.
in Afghanistan have been overshadowed by the escalation in Israeli-Palestinian
violence. That the situation should erupt as phase two of the war on terrorism
focuses on a strike against Iraq has turned the plan on its head
Marion Mc Keone wrote in Irelands liberal Sunday Tribune
(April 7). Moderate Arab states insist that a solution to the Israel-Palestine
conflict is a precondition to support United States action against Iraq.
Bush decided to focus on getting rid of Sadaam Hussein before attempting
to defuse the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The effect of this was to
ensure that...toppling Hussein now looks less attainable than ever,
Maurizio Molinari, writing in centrist Italian daily La Stampa (April
5), heaped praise on President George Bush for his speech a day earlier
urging Israel to withdraw from the territories and the Palestinians to
stop turning out suicide bombers. Bush took everyone by surprise:
the warring parties, his doubting allies, the inflamed Arab street protestors,
and his most merciless critics, wrote Molinari. In a reference to
the growing divisions between the EU and the U.S. administration, Molinari
opined that EU leaders must...make their contribution to peace by
merging their efforts with those of Washington in a concrete manner, as
happened over the war in Afghanistan.
Are the War Crimminals Now | Robert Fisk, The Independent (liberal),
London, England, Nov. 29, 2001.
of Ancient Rights Proves Hard to Swallow | Simon Haggart, The
Guardian (liberal), London, England, Nov. 20, 2001.
| Wolfgang Günter Lerch, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (conservative),
Frankfurt, Germany, Nov. 19, 2001.
The Reticent Great Power | Daniel Vernet, Le Monde (liberal),
Paris, France, Nov. 21, 2001.
America's Leaders Fear to Tread | Simon Jenkins, The Times
(conservative), London, England, Nov. 21, 2001.
More reaction from the European press...
the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States and the subsequent
U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan, the world has turned with renewed
attention to the increasingly explosive situation in the Middle East.
The U.S. and British governments and their allies compete with Osama Bin
Laden and the Taliban for the sympathies of the Arab world on the airwaves
of Qatari satellite network Al-Jazeera, while Israeli and Arab pundits
have turned the volume of their invectives up a few notches.
Over the weekend of Nov. 30-Dec.2, a series of suicide attacks left at
least 25 Israelis dead. Palestinian police immediately arrested 100 suspected
militants. Israel's response was swift, dramatic, and controversial. Israeli
helicopters first attacked Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat's
headquarters in Gaza and the West Bank, destroying Arafat's helicopters
and leveling a Palestinian Authority jail in the Gaza strip before expanding
the bombardment over the following two days. On Dec. 3, Israeli Prime
Minister Ariel Sharon effectively declared
war on the Palestinian Authority. Soon after, U.S. President George
Bush declared his support for Israel and froze the assets of U.S. charities
alleged to have connections with the Palestinian militant group Hamas.
The next day, the Israeli cabinet formally branded the Palestinian Authority
an organization which supports terror. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres made no attempt to conceal his anger, and hinted that he and Israel's
Labor Party might quit the ruling coalition which would effectively dismantle
the government. Israel, Peres said, had decided "to destroy the Palestinian
Authority, in effect to lean only on power without political hope."
Unsurprisingly, the Arab press reacted to the escalation of the conflict
by heaping blame on the Israelis and the United States for supporting
Israel. More striking was the response of the Israeli press to the domestic
dispute over Sharon's new line. The conservative Jerusalem Post supported
Sharon and warned the Labor Party that if they did not toe the line, they
would become irrelevant. The editorial page of Tel Aviv newspaper Ha'aretzwhich
is traditionally more dovishurged
Peres and the leaders of the Labor party to leave the coalition for good.
Labor's Day of Reckoning | The Jerusalem Post (conservative),
Jerusalem, Israel, Dec. 5, 2001.
On the Verge of Disaster | Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv,
Dec. 5, 2001.
Time to Break Apart this Unity | Gideon Samet, Ha'aretz (liberal),
Tel Aviv, Dec. 5, 2001.
Op-Ed: Galal Duweidar, Al-Akhbar (government-owned),
Dec. 5, 2001
Excerpt: "It's a joke
to hear the White House describe the recent Israeli attacks on the Palestinians
as acts of self-defense. It's also a joke to hear Israeli Prime Minister
Sharon announcing that Palestinian President Arafat is the major obstacle
to peace. The butcher Sharon seems to have forgotten that his country,
Israel, is occupying Palestinian and Arab territories, and that Israeli
practices violate all international conventions and resolutions. It's
Sharon, not Arafat, who is the obstacle to peace. According to Sharon's
reasoning, Israel is entitled to commit any act of violence, to kill and
destroy, and the Palestinians should do nothing but surrender and give
in to please Washington and receive its blessings."
Op-Ed: Mursi Attallah, Al-Ahram al-Messai
(government-owned), Dec. 5, 2001
Excerpt: "The Jerusalem and Haifa explosions would never have
taken place had the Palestinians seen a glimmer of hope at the end of
the dark tunnel that is the peace process. If Israel had any concern for
realizing peace, it would have condemned the blasts, but would have declared
that its belief in peace was still strong. Israel should have pushed for
confidence-building measures with the Palestinian Authority, its co-partner
in the peace process, as a message to the enemies of peace who mounted
the attacks. But Sharon has declared an all-out war on the Palestinians
and the peace process as a whole."
What Arafat Has to Lose | The Jerusalem Post (conservative),
Jerusalem, Israel, Dec. 4, 2001.
Text of Sharon's Address to Israel | Israeli Foreign Ministry,
Jerusalem, Israel, Dec. 3, 2001.
Morning Class | Khaled Amayreh, Al-Ahram Weekly (semi-official),
Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 5, 2001.
for Whom? | Uthman Mirghani, Al-Sharq al-Awsat (Saudi-owned),
London, England, Oct. 24, 2001. Translated and posted to Worldpress.org,
Nov. 19, 2001.
the Ballot and the Bullet: Egypt's War Against Terrorism | Andrew
Hammond, World Press Review correspondent, Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 15,
in Cairo | Andrew Hammond, World Press Review correspondent,
Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 13, 2001.
Attack Embarrasses Arafat on Eve of Zinni Visit, and Underlines His Fading
Control | Peter Hirschberg, Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv,
Israel, Nov. 27, 2001.
Op-Ed: Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (Saudi-owned), London, England, Nov. 27,
Excerpt: "Here is Kabul: Finally, after 60 months,
we finally see Afghan women out and about in the streets of Kabul. They
had been living as prisoners, captive to tribal custom, captive to repressive
clothes and their homes. We also see Afghan men coming out. The society
we view seems so strange, almost Medieval, as years under the Taliban
have enforced their radical and ignorant interpretations of Islamic law.
It is obvious that the kind of social slavery that the Taliban imposed
is so against the spirit and actual contents of Islamic guidance. The
rights given to women and enshrined in the Quran were denied at the most
fundamental level, as the Taliban equated women to some beastly status.
The equality of women, as sisters of men, is something that should never
Getting Uneven | Saul Singer, The Jerusalem Post (conservative),
Jerusalem, Israel, Nov. 26, 2001.
Op-Ed: Ahmed al-Gindi, Al-Akhbar (government-owned),
Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 26, 2001.
Excerpt: "American peace envoys to the Middle
East William Burns and Anthony Zinni arrive today for talks with the Palestinians
and the Israelis on means of stopping the violence and resuming peace
negotiations based on the Mitchell recommendations and on relevant UN
resolutions. But will they ever accomplish their mission? Or will they
fail as others before them have? The Burns-Zinni mission has already failed,
for how could it succeed when Israel's missiles have already destroyed
every hope it has? Still, who knows? For it could be that the Israeli
attacks against the Palestinians are part the greater mission?"
Column: Salama Ahmed Salama, Al-Ahram
(government-owned), Nov. 26, 2001.
Excerpt: "All political
and strategic analysis aside,the only plausible explanation to give for
America's speedy victory over the Taliban is the successful global mobilization
against the movement and Bin Laden as symbols of terrorism. Allies in
Europe, friends in the Middle East, and the White Bear in Russia have
joined in the campaign. Even Pakistan has extricated itself from a long-lived
strong alliance with Taliban and has turned into a military base to serve
U.S. goals. Assets, bank accounts and communications worldwide have been
brought under control. It should also be noted that both the United States
and Britain, mighty and powerful as they are, have unleashed their firepower
not against a regular army, but against guerrilla elements equipped very
simply, with no command, no intelligence, and no special forces."
Op-Ed: Al-Dustour (government-owned),
Amman, Jordan, Nov. 19, 2001.
Excerpt: "As Powell himself said in his long-awaited speech
regarding the U.S. position on the situation in Israel, he had no new
plan. It essentially boiled down to a reaffirmation of the Mitchell Plan...which
is ludicrous because Sharon has proven that he does not plan to acquiesce
to it. While it is clear that the United States has become all too aware
of Sharon's obstinancy, they have not been bold enough to break the impasse.
What is needed is some kind of diplomatic threat on Israel to prompt some
action; an immediate implementation of Mitchell concurrent with Israeli
withdrawals from re-occupied territories and return to the negotiating
table. To do anything else will resolve nothing. And the fact that the
United States, preceeded by the EU, has failed to convince or coerce Sharon
into taking positive steps only reinforces the view that Israel has been
above international law. Despite international standards of human rights
or any other resolutions of the UN, Israel has been able to maintain its
freedom from any outside influence."
Fighting Continues in West Bank |
Ha’aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, April 9, 2002.
Defies United States and World, West Bank Assault Goes On’
| Jordan Times (independent), Amman, Jordan, April 9, 2002.
Seeks Support in Referendum | Nadeem Syed, The Nation (conservative),
Karachi, Pakistan, April 9, 2002.
Ministers’ Houses Looted | L’Express de Madagascar (independent),
Antananarivo, April 9, 2002.
Set for General Strike | Adam Easton, BBC (news agency), London,
England, April 9, 2002.
Delhi’s Public Transport in Crisis | The Times of India (conservative),
New Delhi, April 9, 2002.
Wants Clinton to Testify | The Daily Telegraph (conservative),
London, England, Feb. 15, 2002.
Mob Kills Minister | AFP via The Times of India (conservative),
New Delhi, India, Feb. 15, 2002.
Bomb Israeli Tank, Killing Three Soldiers | Amos Harel, Ha'aretz
(liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 15, 2002.
Korea Brands United States 'Empire of Evil' | Korea Central News
Agency (government-owned), Pyonyang, North Korea, Feb. 15, 2002.
'Orders' Plans to Remove Saddam Hussein | The Hindu (centrist),
Chennai, India, Feb. 15, 2002.
Film Shows Plot to Kill Mugabe | Luke Tamborinyoka, The Daily
News (privately-owned), Harare, Zimbabwe, Feb. 15, 2002.
Blasts Trial | The Australian (centrist), Sydney, Australia,
Feb. 14, 2002.
Arafat Pulls Gun on Security Chief | Phil Reeves, The Independent
(liberal), London, England, Feb. 14, 2002.
is Alive,' Musharraf Insists | Dawn (centrist), Lahore, Pakistan,
Feb. 14, 2002.
Tanks Play Cat and Mouse with Gaza Militants | Ha'aretz (liberal),
Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 14, 2002.
Boat Children Claims 'Untrue' | BBC (news agency), London, England,
Feb. 14, 2002.
and Canadian Forces Under Fire in Afghanistan | Agence France-Presse
(news agency), Paris, France, Feb. 14, 2002.
Film Shown at Milosevic Trial | The Guardian (liberal), London,
England, Feb. 13, 2002.
Troops Enter Gaza Towns, Kill Five | Ha'aretz (liberal),
Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 13, 2002.
Suspect in Pearl Kidnapping Interrogated | The News (left-wing),
Karachi, Pakistan, Feb. 13, 2002.
President Charles Taylor Arrests Street Children |Tom Kamara, The
New Democrat (independent), Monrovia, Liberia, Feb. 13, 2002.
Talks for Madagascar Rivals | BBC (news agency), London, England,
Feb. 13, 2002.
Allies Ready for Action in Somalia |Paul Redfern, The Daily Nation
(independent), Nairobi, Kenya, Feb. 13, 2002.
on Trial | B92 Radio (independent), Belgrade, Feb. 12, 2002.
Plane Crash Kills 117 | Islamic Republic News Agency (government-owned),
Tehran, Iran, Feb. 12, 2002.
Warns of New Terror Attack | BBC (news agency), London, England,
Feb. 12, 2002.
Airforce Bombs Gaza Jail, 300 Hamas, Islamic Jihad Prisoners Freed
| Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 12, 2002.
Arrives in Washington | Dawn (centrist), Karachi, Pakistan,
Feb. 12, 2002.
Peso Passes First Test | TN24horas (national TV news), Buenos Aires,
Argentina, Feb. 12, 2002.
Defiant Amid Fresh Israeli Raids | BBC (news agency), London, England,
Feb. 11, 2002.
Join Anti-U.S. Rally in Tehran | Islamic Republic News Agency (government-owned),
Tehran, Iran, Feb. 11 2002.
to Float Peso for First Time | TN24horas (national TV news), Buenos
Aires, Argentina, Feb. 11, 2002.
Threatens to Resign | Dawn (centrist), Lahore, Pakistan,
Feb. 11, 2002.
Mugabe Clash over Observers in Zimbabwe Elections | The Daily
News (privately owned), Harare, Zimbabwe, Feb. 11, 2002.
Announces He Will Run Again | Le Monde (liberal), Paris,
France, Feb. 11, 2002.
of Evil' Comment Dominates Iranian Press | Iran Daily (pro-government),
Tehran, Feb. 10, 2002 (.pdf file).
Israeli Soldiers Killed in Shooting Attack | The Jerusalem Post
(conservative), Jerusalem, Israel, Feb. 10, 2002.
Dismisses Coup Threat | BBC (news agency), London, England, Feb.
Rebels Kill Three after Death of Leader | Agence France-Presse (news
agency), Paris, Feb. 10, 2002.
Muslim Group Calls for Terror Probe | Devi Asmarani, The Straits
Times (independent), Singapore, Feb. 10, 2002.
Rebels Choose Leader | New Democrat (indendent), Monrovia,
Liberia, Feb. 10, 2002.
Declares State of Emergency Amid Heavy Fighting | This Day (independent),
Lagos, Nigeria, Feb. 9, 2002.
U.S. Journalist Kidnapped in Pakistan 'Booked on Flight for London'
| Arman Sabir, Dawn (centrist), Lahore, Pakistan, Feb. 9, 2002.
Rebel Leader Killed | BBC (news agency), London, England, Feb. 9,
Foreign Minister Surrenders | The Times of India (conservative),
New Delhi, Feb. 9, 2002.
President Arroyo Defends Presence of U.S. Troops | Carlito Pablo,
The Philippine Inquirer (independent), Manila, Feb. 9, 2002.
Margaret of England Dies in Sleep | The Daily Telegraph (conservative),
London, England, Feb. 9, 2002.
Judges to Hear Fresh Evidence | BBC (news agency), London, England,
Feb. 8, 2002.
Resists Israeli Pressure on Arafat, Urges Easing of Siege | Aluf
Benn and Nathan Guttman, Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb.
Seeks Pakistani Help in Subduing Tribes | Ikram Hoti, The News
(left-wing), Peshawar, Pakistan, Feb. 8, 2002.
African President Mbeki Refuses to Yield on AIDS Drugs | The
Daily Mail and Guardian (liberal), Johannesburg, South Africa, Feb.
Malaysian National Held with 104 Passports | AFP via The Philippine
Inquirer (independent), Manila, Feb. 8, 2002.
Asks United States to 'Shun' Arafat | BBC (news agency), London,
England, Feb. 7, 2002.
to Retaliate after Settlement Killing | Agence France-Presse (news
agency), Paris, Feb. 7, 2002.
Detained on U.S. Flight | BBC (news agency), London, England, Feb.
CIA: Beijing Views Bush Policy with Renewed Suspicion | Greg Torode,
The South China Morning Post (English-language), Hong Kong, Feb.
Says U.S. Allegations Rooted in Domestic Problems | Islamic Republic
News Agency (government-owned), Tehran, Iran, Feb. 7, 2002.
Blair Addresses Nigerian Parliament | Vanguard (pro-government),
Lagos, Nigeria, Feb. 7, 2002.
Karzai in Herat in Effort to End Internecine Strife | Agence France-Presse
(news agency), Paris, Feb. 6, 2002.
Police Close in on Journalist's Kidnappers | Asif Shahzad, Dawn
(centrist), Karachi, Pakistan, Feb. 6, 2002.
Israeli Reservists Refuse to Serve in Occupied Territories | Ha'aretz
(liberal), Tel Aviv, Feb. 6, 2002.
Taliban' Seeks Bail | Stephen Romei, The Australian (centrist),
Sydney, Feb. 6, 2002.
Trader Missing after US$750 Million Fraud | BBC (news agency), London,
England, Feb. 6, 2002.
States 'Wasting Money' on Western PR Drive | Micheline Hazou, The
Daily Star (independent), Beirut, Lebanon, Feb. 6, 2002.
Deployed to Quell Lagos Riots | Alex Oliseh, The Guardian (independent),
Lagos, Nigeria, Feb. 4, 2002.
Security Forces Assassinate Five Palestinian Militants in Gaza |
Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 4, 2002.
Calls off Search for Quake Survivors | BBC (news agency), London,
England, Feb. 4, 2002.
Unveils Economic Recovery Package | Clarín (liberal),
Buenos Aires, Argentina, Feb. 4, 2002.
Calls Bush Evil Vampire | Islamic Republic News Agency (government-owned),
Tehran, Iran, Feb. 4, 2002.
Fallen Leader Snubs Senate | Roland Watson, The Times (conservative),
London, England, Feb. 4, 2002.
Reservist Officers Refuse to Serve in the Occupied Territories |
Amos Harel, Ha'aretz (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 1, 2002.
Korea Says Bush's 'Evil Axis' Comment Close to Declaration of War
| The Korea Herald (independent), Seoul, South Korea, Feb. 1, 2002.
Deadline Passes for Kidnapped U.S. Journalist, Suspected Abductor Found
Dead | Dawn (centrist), Karachi, Pakistan, Feb. 1, 2002.
Accuses CNN of Stealing Bin Laden Videotape | BBC (news agency),
London, England, Feb. 1, 2002.
Gets New Foreign Minister | Mainichi Shimbun (centrist),
Tokyo, Japan, Feb. 1, 2002.
of U.S. Journalist Extend Deadline | Agence France-Presse (news
agency), Paris, Jan. 31, 2002.
Officials Claim U.S. Special Forces Arrested Wrong Men | The
Frontier Post (left-wing), Peshawar, Pakistan, Jan. 31, 2002.
Korea Condemns Bush's 'Evil Axis' Remark | The Irish Times (centrist),
Dublin, Jan. 31, 2002.
Curbs Media Freedom | BBC (news agency), London, England, Jan. 31,
Journalists Arrested | The Daily News (privately-owned),
Harare, Zimbabwe, Jan. 31, 2002.
New York Braces for World Economic Forum | The Hindu (centrist),
Chennai, India, Jan. 31, 2002.
Reacts to Bush's Hard Line | Islamic Republic News Agency (government-owned),
Tehran, Iran, Jan. 30, 2002.
to Court: 'I Demand You Release Me' | B92 Radio (independent), Belgrade,
Serbia, Jan. 30, 2002.
Still Missing after Lagos Blast | This Day (independent),
Lagos, Nigeria, Jan. 30, 2002.
Bomber Wounds Two Israeli Security Officers | The Jerusalem Post
(conservative), Jerusalem, Israel, Jan. 30, 2002.
Ogata Likely to Replace Tanaka as Foreign Minister | Mainichi
Shimbun (centrist), Tokyo, Japan, Jan. 30, 2002.
to Evaluate Argentina's Economic Escape Plan | TN24horas (national
TV news channel), Buenos Aires, Argentina, Jan. 30, 2002.
Lagos Residents Furious over Weapons Depot Disaster | This Day
(independent), Lagos, Nigeria, Jan. 29, 2002.