Chad

Map Chad
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Chad

Facts

Background: Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant rebel threat in early 2008.
Location: Central Africa, south of Libya
Area land: 1,259,200 sq km
Area water: 24,800 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Chad
Country name conventional short form: Chad
Country name former: Republic of Chad
Population: 10,758,945 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 46% (male 2,510,656/female 2,441,780); 15-64 years: 51% (male 2,531,896/female 2,960,406); 65 years and over: 2.9% (male 131,805/female 182,402) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.009% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 39.4 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 15.47 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female; total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 95.31 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 101.18 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 89.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 48.33 years; male: 47.28 years; female: 49.43 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 5.05 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.4% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 210,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Chadian(s); adjective: Chadian;
Ethnic groups: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3% (1993 census);
Religions: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1% (1993 census);
Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic; total population: 25.7%; male: 40.8%; female: 12.8% (2000 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $18.56 billion (2010 est.); $18.2 billion (2009 est.); $18.49 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $7.592 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2% (2010 est.); -1.6% (2009 est.); 10.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,800 (2010 est.); $1,800 (2009 est.); $1,800 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 50.5%; industry: 7%; services: 42.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 80% (2001 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6%; highest 10%: 30.8% (2003);
Labor force: 4.293 million (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing); industry and services: 20% (2006 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA% est.);
Budget: revenues: $1.972 billion; expenditures: $2.859 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials;
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 100 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 93 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Chad in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 6 items.

Chad: Dual Peacekeeping Mission Seeks to Dispel Confusion

The Chad mission, which begins in February, marks the first time that a European Union military force and a United Nations mission have been combined in a single United Nations mandate.

As Army Pursues Rebels, Militia Massacres Fill the Vacuum

Aid agencies estimate that more than 50,000 Chadians have fled their homes and villages throughout eastern Chad since a rapid escalation of cross-border attacks in December 2005.

Deby Wins Third Term as Opposition Cries Foul

According to figures released on Sunday, Deby received 77.6 percent of the vote, sealing his bid to extend his 15-year reign by another five years.

Idriss Deby, a President Under Siege

Deby has survived more rebel attacks this month and maintains that presidential elections on May 3 — in which he will be running after doctoring the national constitution — will go ahead as planned.

 

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